|Allergen Data Collection:
Mango (Mangifera indica)
|Authors in alphabetical order [contact
Mango is the second most frequently cultivated tropical fruit worldwide.
Most popular varieties of mango fruits are Tommy Atkins (South Africa),
Osteen (Spain), Eden (Israel), and Ngowe (Kenya). Mango, together with
pistachio and cashew, belongs to the Anacardiae family. All three foods
may cause severe anaphylactic reactions. Immediate type oral symptoms are
most frequently seen after ingestion of mango fruits. Besides allergic
reactions to the fruits, sensitizations to mango pollen and seeds have
been described. The incidence of mango fruit allergy is apparently high
in subjects with "celery-mugwort-spice syndrome" or latex and pollen allergy,
although this fact has not been established by double-blind, placebo-controlled
food challenge (DBPCFC).
Two major mango allergens with 30 and 40 kDa and a 46-kDa-allergen (putative chitinase) have been identified. Cross-reactivities between mango fruit allergens and mugwort pollen, birch pollen, celery, carrot, and apple have been described. Further, latex and avocado allergens cross-react with mango allergens.
The present data collection reviews detailed information on the prevalence and symptoms of mango allergy as well as diagnostic features, sensitization patterns, and the occurrence of cross-reactivities in tabular form.
The reference lists of the Allergen Data Collections are based mainly on searches of Medline and FSTA (Food Science & Technology Abstracts) databases up to the related dates of publication. The scientific rigor of the studies listed is variable and not subject of critique or evaluation by the authors or the editor of the Allergen Data Collections. The reader should be aware of considerable problems in comparing data from different studies (eg. patient cohorts, diagnostic performances, possible flaws in allergen preparations and methodologies for allergen characterization) and is encouraged to review the original publications.
The information provided by the Internet Symposium on Food Allergens is for educational, communication and information purposes only and is not intended to replace or constitute medical advice or treatments. Neither the authors nor the editorial board of the Internet Symposium on Food Allergens is/are responsible for any use which might be made of the information.